14 October, 2014

Seerat Hazrat Ali yul Murtaza ( Radhi Allahu Anho)

This Book show the life of Hazrat Ali yul (Murtaza Radhi Allahu Anho).It was Friday 13th of Rajab 30 Amulfeel Hazrat Fatima binte Asad, the wife of Hazrat Abu Talib entered the precincts of the Kaaba and prayed to Allah saying O my protector ease my pain.All of a sudden the wall of the Kaaba opened up and she, as if by some unseen force went inside the Kaaba and the wall closed.‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) the youngest son of Abu Talib was born inside the Holy Kaaba. She stayed inside for three days. On the 3rd day she came out through the door and Muhammad was waiting outside. She told Muhammad (Sallalah alehe waslam) that the boy had not taken any milk. Muhammad gave him the first feed from his mouth and afterwards asked his uncle Abu Talib that he wished to adopt the baby.‘Ali entered the house of Muhammad from the very first day of his birth. ‘Ali’s mother Fatima binte Assad Also lived there who looked after his own son as well as Muhammad (Sallalah alehe waslam) so much so that later the Holy Prophet used to say that she was like his own mother.Shah Waliullah, Mohadith-e-Dehlvi writes in the book “Izalatul Kholafa” giving reference from Imam Hakim in his Mustadrak Part 3, Page 483. Qud Tawatarul Akhbar Inna Fatimah Binte Asad woledat Aliyan Fi Jaufil Kaaba”. Another writer of the old school Sibtel Jauzi in his book Tazkeratul Khawas ul Umma, page 7 mentions the same fact that ‘Ali was born inside the Kaaba.Khawja Moinuddin Chishti Ajmeri mentions this fact in his famous Quartet saying that when ‘Ali was born inside the kaaba the Sky and the earth was filled with a light and Angel Gabriel announced that a child was born in the house of Allah.Maulana Rumi in his Mathnawi writes, “ O’one who travels to Najef to visit the tomb of ‘Ali must know the fact that the pearl of the Kaaba lies there to give us security because of our intense love for him.Masoodi the famous historian writes in his book of history Muruj el Zahab, that ‘Ali was born inside the Kaaba on the orders of Muhammad the Messenger of Allah.It was after the adoption of ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) that he lived with the Holy Prophet in his house.Wherever Muhammad (Sallalah alehe waslam) went ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) was with him all the time. Even in the Mountain of Hira when Muhammad (Sallalah alehe waslam)went for meditation ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) went with him most of the time. Sometimes they stayed on the mountain for 3 or 4 days. Sometimes ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) took his food there. In Nahjul Balagha ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) said that “ I used to go with the Holy Prophet like the baby camel goes with his mother.Some historians try to show that when Muhammad (Sallalah alehe waslam) declared his prophet hood ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) was the first among male children who accepted Islam. The implication here is that both Muhammad (Sallalah alehe waslam) and ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) were non -believers before this declaration.This is against the Qur'anic verdict which says that Ibrahim was a Muslim and he taught his children to be Muslims so that when the Prophet was born among the descendants of Ibrahim through the line of Ismael he was born a Muslim and so was ‘Ali. The correct thing to say would be that when Muhammad (Sallalah alehe waslam)declared his prophet hood openly ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) immediately adhered to the declaration without hesitation.The three persons seen in prayers in the Kaaba were Muhammad, Khadija and ‘Ali before anyone else accepted Islam. For 3 years young and poor persons of Makka were accepting Islam secretly. The first open declaration came when the Qora'nic verse tells the Prophet to "come out openly and warn the people of your own clan.Invitations were sent to leaders of the Banu Hashim to come to the house of Muhammad (Sallalah alehe waslam)for Dinner. Forty of them came, ate food and then heard Muhammad (Sallalah alehe waslam)about his mission of ‘ No Allah but Allah and Muhammad (Sallalah alehe waslam) as the messenger of Allah and whoever offers his help to propagate this religion will be his deputy and successor.No one stood up except ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) . After announcing this 3 times Muhammad (Sallalah alehe waslam) declared that ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) will be his deputy to his mission and will be his successor after him. People thought it as a joke that a 13 year old boy was to be a deputy of this prophetic mission.Even Abu Lahab jokingly told Abu Talib, go and obey your son to which AbuTalib smilingly accepted. ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) promised to help Muhammad (Sallalah alehe waslam) in his mission and kept this promise all his life.The next thing which we see in the life of ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) is the reflection of this promise he gave at this place in front of the leaders of the Quraish.We see ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) protecting Muhammad (Sallalah alehe waslam) from the abuses of the enemies of Islam. When Muhammad (Sallalah alehe waslam)went to Taif a nearby town to preach Islam children of Taif hurled stones and it was ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) who protected the Prophet and drove the stone throwing children away from the Prophet.As a youth ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) was strongly built, strong arms, wide chest and a very strong brave and shining face. Children of his age and even older to him were frightened of him and whenever they tried to mock the Prophet, they always ran away when they saw ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) standing by for protection.Time passed and hostility of the Quraish increased so much so that Muhammad (Sallalah alehe waslam) was ordered by Allah to leave Makka. ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) slept on Muhammad’s bed without hesitation and when the non-believers entered the house of Muhammad (Sallalah alehe waslam) to kill, they found ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) who was not afraid at all at the site of 40 swordsmen entering the house.When they questioned ‘Ali: ”where is Muhammad” he bravely replied, did you leave him in my custody? When after 3 days of Muhammad’s departure ‘Ali returned all the goods entrusted to Muhammad to their owners, he set out to leave Makka for Madina with the rest of the family.Ali (Razi Allah unho) had with him his mother Fatima binte Asad, His aunt, the wife of Hamza, and Fatima, the daughter of Muhammad (Sallalah alehe waslam) and many other ladies. Non-believers of Makka tried to stop ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) from his departure but ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) fought back, drove the infidels away and safely reached Madina. Muhammad (Sallalah alehe waslam) was waiting for the family outside the precincts of the town. He entered the city with ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) and the rest of the family.The Holy Prophet created a bond of brotherhood between the Muslims, making ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) as his Muslim brother saying O’’Ali, you are my brother in this world as well as in the next.Once the family settled in the newly adopted city of Madina their first task was to complete the mosque around which their houses were also built. ‘Ali initially stayed with his mother but when he married Fatima the daughter of the Prophet he was given a house next to the Prophet by the side of the mosque. He had been betrothed to her several days before the battle of Badr.But the marriage was celebrated three months later. ‘Ali was about 23 years old and Fatima was 18. This was most happy and celebrated marriage. The distinctiveness of their respective characters blended so well with each other that they never quarreled and complained of one another and led a happy and most contended life.Materially the couple did not possess much, spiritually they were at the highest level of assent. They had no worries if they go hungry or their clothes had patches. They would be more concerned if an orphan goes away from their door without receiving any food.History records ‘Ali’s life in Madina with the Holy Prophet for the next ten years as the busiest in defending Islam against the attackers from Makka. ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) was always the standard bearer of the Flag of Islam in all such battles and his bravery became legendary.Ibne Abil Hadid, the Motazelli commentator of Nahjul Balagha says that: ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) had a personality in which opposite characteristics had so gathered that it was difficult to believe a human mind could manifest such a combination. He was the bravest man that history could cite and such brave men are always hard hearted, cruel and eager to shed blood.On the contrary ‘Ali was kind, sympathetic, responsive and warmhearted person, qualities quite contrary to the other phase of his character and more suited to pious and Allah fearing persons.’Ali’s bravery and piety both became legendry. Life in Madina while the Holy Prophet was alive was the busiest for ‘Ali. But he remembers these times as the best times of his life. He says in Nahjul Balagha ‘Life with my brother was a life of ease and happiness.

The battles of Badr, Ohud, Khandaq and Khyber were fought in the defense if Islam and won on the hands of ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) . He was not only the standard bearer of the Flag of Islam in these battles, but always led the forces of Islam against Kufr and came out victorious. Khyber was the climax of these battles when ‘Ali’s victory brought prosperity in the Muslim ranks.Ayesha the wife of the Prophet said once that until the victory of Khyber we in the house of the Prophet spent days without food. It was only after Khyber that life at home became a little easier. Thus ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) brought an end to the hostilities of Quraish in three encounters of Badr, Ohud and Khandaq.Their best warriors were killed, their unity against Islam was crushed, their pride was humiliated and their prestige before Arab clans was lowered by him and by him alone. Khyber saw an end to the hegemony of Jews in Arabia at the hands of ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho).The peace agreement of Hodaibiya was written by ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) and at the time of the peaceful victory at Makka, the idols of the Kaaba were demolished by the Holy Prophet with the help of ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) .Details of these battles were shown in the life of the Prophet.Battle of Honain.The Victory of Makka brought many non believers into the fold of Islam. Broadly speaking there were three types who embraced Islam. Fear, greed and the true understanding of Islam and its principles. Some of the Makkans became Muslims for fear of their lives, they were afraid that the Prophet would kill them, others were simply frightened that the Holy Prophet with the help of Angel Gabriel would bring the wrath of Allah on them.Then there was greed that Islam was now victorious, so if they joined in the good life would be theirs for free. Very few of them truly understood Islam and accepted it as a true faith. The Test of their true faith came immediately after the fall of Makka while Muslims were still in the sweet pleasure of this bloodless victory, that various tribes outside Makka gathered an army of 20,000 in Taif to fight the Muslims.The hostile tribes decided to attack at a vantage point at Hunain and selected two prominent places where they concealed their archers. The Muslims were proud of their success in Makka, but their behavior during the encounter was timorous and cowardly. The Qur'an tells us this in (9:9):Allah came to your help on so many occasions, on the day of Honain, your vanity in the number of your soldiers and your arrogance did not prove any avail to you, you were badly defeated and could not find any place of shelter, you started running away without shame.This encounter took place in the month of Shawwal 8th Hijri (Jan 630 AD). When the Muslim army marched towards the place where archers were concealed the enemy opened the campaign with such a severe onslaught that the Muslim army could not stand it.Their assault was fierce and confusion in the Muslim ranks made the archers bolder and they came nearer and attacked from both flanks and from the front. The Muslims could not stand the attack and started running without putting any resistance and where not concerned to leave the Prophet alone, (see Saheeh Bukhari).The first battalion to run was the one in the command of Khalid ibne Waleed(Rauzathus Safa vol II page 137) This was followed by such a disorderly and tumultuous flight that only 10 people were left out of an army of 15,000 with the Holy Prophet. Eight of them were of Bani Hashim,(.Abbas, two of his sons, ‘Ali and three other cousins of the Holy Prophet)Abbas was shouting to the Muslims to come back, reminding them of the oath of allegiance taken and promises made, but it was to no avail. Those who accepted Islam for greed , wealth and power were not willing to risk their lives.Many of them who had carefully hidden their enmity from the rising power were happy at the defeat. They gathered round Abu Sofian, started congratulating him and saying, "The magical circle of the lying Prophet is broken,” They were praying for the return of Polytheism. 1.Once again it fell to the lot of ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) to save the Holy Prophet and the Islam. Armies of Bani Hawaazen and Banu Saqeef under cover of their archers were rushing the hillock and were getting ready for a fierce onslaught.Ali (Razi Allah unho) divided the small band of faithful true Muslims in three divisions; to Abdullah Ibne Masood, Abbas ibne Abdul Muttalib and Abu bin Harris has assigned the duty of protecting the Holy Prophet, to three he ordered to guard the rear and he himself faced the onslaught with only three warriors with him.He fought, wounded at many places, but continued fighting when he faced the commander of the hostile army, Abu Jerdal in hand to hand fight and killed him with one stroke of his sword. He alone killed over 30 of the enemy and with this bravery his aids also fought bravely and enemy was defeated.The day was saved, the commander of the enemy’s army was killed, their ranks were broken they had no courage to face ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) and they started retreating. The sight of the powerful army in retreat, made the fleeing Muslims bold and they came back as victory was won for them 2.The defensive battles were over and the peaceful spread of Islam began. ‘Ali (Razi Allah unho) was again in the forefront. He brought the whole tribe of Bani Hamdan to Islam by preaching . Similarly when he was sent to Yemen he brought the whole country in to the fold of Islam by his sermons.This news so pleased the Holy Prophet that he bowed down in Sajdah to thank Allah three times and said loudly, peace be to Bani Hamdan and to ‘Ali. Again in the year 10th of Hijra ‘Ali’s sermon and preaching proved so effective that the whole province embraced Islam as one man.In the 9th year of Hijra the famous event of Mobahela took place. Najran was a city in the province of Yemen. It was the center of Christian Missionary activities in southern Arabia. The Holy Prophet had written to the Chief Priest of the City to realize the blessings of Islam.In reply he wrote that he personally would like to discuss the teachings of this new religion. His name was Haris. He was invited and came with a group of 14 priests.These priests as guest of the Holy Prophet. Long discussions took place during the course of 4 days of their stay in Madina. When Sunday came the Chief priest wanted to go out of the city to have their Sunday Service. Prophet Islam said that they all have permission to conduct their religious service inside the mosque of the Prophet which they happily did.Long discussions continued about monotheism verses trinity and it was realized that these priests were not open minded, on the contrary they were prejudiced against monotheism. The Almighty Lord ordered the Holy Prophet to explain to that.Verily Jesus is as Adam in the sight of Allah. He created Adam from dust. He said unto him, Be, and he was. This is truth from thy Lord. be not therefore one of those who doubt, and whoever shall dispute thee, say unto them, “come let us call together our sons and your sons, our women and your women, our Selves and your Selves, then let us make imprecations and lay the curse of Allah upon those who lie.According to Bibi Ayesha when the above verse was revealed to the Apostle of Allah, he called ‘Ali, Fatima, Hasan and Husayn and said, “Lord, this is my family (Ahlul Bayt). The Holy Prophet took this small family with them to the open land outside the city where they all assembled to bring the curse of Allah on those who lie.When the Chief priest saw these faces, he told his companions that he was looking at the faces that if they call the mountain, the mountain will go them. Do not have Mobahela with them or you will be destroyed. On hearing this they all agreed to pay homage to the Holy Prophet and an annual tax for living in the Islamic State and withdrew from the scene.Designation of ‘Ali as successor to the Prophet.This Book have many page about the life of Hazrat Ali yul (Murtaza Radhi Allahu Anho).The wars in which Hazrat Ali yul (Murtaza Radhi Allahu Anho) participate and Muslim win that war.The Great leader of Muslim Hazrat Ali yul (Murtaza Radhi Allahu Anho) spend a hole life in very simple manners.You must read this great book about great personality Hazrat Ali yul (Murtaza Radhi Allahu Anho). and share with friends on Face book and twitter. you can also download this book on free of any cast.

Seerat Hazrat Ali yul Murtaza ( Radhi Allahu Anho)


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